Pakistan Floods 2011 Early Recovery Framework
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
While the ravages of the disastrous floods of 2010 were still apparent, the 2011 monsoon season, which started with a normal rain pattern, intensified from 10 August onwards and triggered severe flooding in various regions of the country, most significantly in Sindh and Balochistan provinces. In the worst-hit areas, including some of those also affected by the floods in 2010, more rain fell in one month than in an average monsoon season. Government data indicates a total of 9.2 million people were initially affected by the floods with a multi-sector needs assessment conducted in October 2011 finding 5.2 million to be in need. The assessment estimated that more than two months after the beginning of the floods, a third of the initially affected areas were still flooded.
Since the launch of the 2011 Pakistan Floods Rapid Response Plan on 18 September 2011, over US$ 162 million have been pledged to the humanitarian community – 48% of the US$ 357 million requested in the Rapid Response Plan for 2011 floods.
This Early Recovery Framework seeks a further US$ 439,813,059 million to fund a continuation of the response until September 2012, and enable the humanitarian community to support the Government of Pakistan in addressing the early recovery needs.
With receding floodwaters having enable over 1.2 million initially affected people to return to their villages or areas of origin, support for early recovery is critical in assisting people to rebuild their communities and restore their lives.
The main impact of the flooding in terms of early recovery is on housing and agricultural crops with 34% of affected families having lost their homes, and 33% of houses partially damaged. The assessment revealed almost 797,000 houses had been damaged, 328,555 of which have been destroyed.
Based on farmers estimates of losses gathered during the assessment survey, cotton has been the most affected crop (with 92% of production lost in some areas), with 81% of sugarcane production also lost in the flooded areas. Additionally, 57.4% of affected families reported losses of livestock either through death of animals or having to sell on animals for cash to support themselves during the crisis.
Furthermore, 40% of households reported that their main economic activity has been discontinued, whilst 48% reported economic activities disrupted.
Health conditions remain of significant concern with the outbreak of water and vector-borne diseases in flood-affected areas. Large-scale destruction of school facilities has pushed 410,697 children out of school. Meanwhile, 729,540 children have indicated that they have no learning materials.